Knowledge column

How to prevent baby's risk of common diseases in winter?

Cold and windy in the winter, indoor and outdoor temperatures and extremely dry. In such a climate, the baby very vulnerable to some diseases in winter indoor and outdoor activities. Coupled with the Spring Festival approaching, mothers wanted a healthy and happy holidays. So baby what is common mainly in winter?
the winter solstice has passed, the Earth entered the winter, combined with the annual traditional Chinese Spring Festival approaches, good to play good, feel good, can go to playgrounds, parks, ski resorts to playing go, and parents not getting; and play with children of the same age to see Fireworks, happy! Was prepared by our family, we have been looking forward to winter! Winter is high season in winter, how do we prevent disease in winter? Next to you described in detail below.
common upper respiratory tract infection, upper respiratory morbidity is very high, mostly viral, in the outpatient cases, upper respiratory tract infections accounted for more than 80%. The early symptoms of many diseases have similar symptoms of upper respiratory tract infection, should pay attention to the distinction, which are upper respiratory tract infection, or other the prodromal stage of disease. Viral upper respiratory tract infection is self-limited disease. In principle, without antibiotic treatment. Second is the flu, is hot in the past often says "plague" influenza virus have survived on Earth for many years. Since its records began in 1918, brought great disasters to mankind. The clinical manifestations of influenza are fever or high fever does not return, runny nose, headaches, body aches, infections are carriers or patients, transmitted through respiratory droplets or contact infection. Child to influenza virus, and easy to get. Symptomatic treatment, Chinese medicine can be used. Duffy worked well last year, and this year is not known.
the difference between influenza and the common cold: 1, different seasons, iugan concentrated in the winter and spring, the common cold sick all year round. 2, sudden onset of influenza symptoms in almost all within 24 hours. Common cold symptoms slowly, generally lasts for a few days. 3, fever, flu is high fever, common cold, no heat, low heat, slow heat. 4, respiratory symptoms: flu-like respiratory symptoms, cough, sputum, headache, body aches is obvious; the common cold is the runny nose, sneezing, coughing occasionally, no significant systemic symptoms. 5, gastrointestinal symptoms: flu-like nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, poor appetite and the common cold, and also has mild diarrhea, loss of appetite. 6, mental health: listlessness, lack of flu; the common cold state of mind, mental States as usual. Course 7: flu lasts 10-14 days; and the common cold lasts 5-7 days.
and the third is for meningococcal meningitis. It is a dangerous infection of the nervous system, and has been popular in history, generally after a great flood in many outbreaks. Meningococcal meningitis epidemic season is late winter and early spring, of infection from patients and HIV carriers. Generally transmitted through droplets, and infants generally susceptible. Clinical manifestation of meningococcal meningitis for precursors such as colds, fever, headache, irritability, nausea, convulsions, neck stiffness. Main treatment is diagnosed after hospital treatment. Prevention of the disease, can be vaccinated.
is the fourth measles. Measles is a highly contagious disease, occurs mainly in winter and spring, children generally susceptible to the disease. Measles clinical manifestations are fever, runny nose, tearing, photophobia, cough, skin rashes (first appeared in the oral mucosa). Suffering from measles and strive to be hospitalized. There are also complications of measles, such as otitis media (Tai Lihua), pneumonia, meningitis, etc. Vaccination is the best method of prevention, as little as possible to more people and places, isolation from the children, because the highly infectious for measles. There is frequently in home ventilation, reducing indoor concentrations of bacteria, keep the air fresh.
fifth disease is hand, foot and mouth disease. Incidence has declined this year, the annual (December 4) cumulative reports 30,000 cases, 264 cases, of which 4 deaths, cases of children under 5 years of age accounted for more than 90%, especially the highest incidence of children under 3 years of age. Infant gathering of nurseries, kindergartens and schools where children gather is the hardest-hit areas. Hand, foot and mouth disease infections are infectious type EV71 enterovirus, and its mode of transmission is contact, liquid droplets, herpes, oral-fecal. Clinical symptoms of hand, foot and mouth disease are herpes, limited to the mouth, hands, feet, hips (around the anus), aches and pains, mild cough, runny nose, diarrhea, listlessness, pain, poor appetite, drooling mouth. In terms of prevention there is no vaccination. Try not to come into contact with sick children, wash (before eating, after using the toilet, comes to an end after toys, going back) and home ventilation. Complications of the hand, foot and mouth disease alert myocardial damage, brain stem encephalitis and neurogenic shock, multiple organ failure.
sixth common is strep throat. Laryngitis is characterized by acute illness, hoarseness, barking cough and sometimes fever, often have difficulty breathing, breath, should pay attention to, if you have the above symptoms should be treated as soon as possible. Seventh common is mumps, also known as pole earplug, the swollen cheek, see more at 5-15. Mumps symptoms; fever, chills, headache, sore throat, loss of appetite, fatigue, ear pain, under Add as you chew, 2-3 other side of onset, 3-5 days. If you have high fever, headaches, vomiting, pain in the testicle, should be timely treatment. Complications of mumps Orchitis, pancreatitis, meningitis. Such methods of disease diet light, juicy, easy to digest, less exciting, less spicy, less greasy. Of course, there are other diseases such as Scarlet fever (3-8, see more, rare up to 6 months), Exanthem Subitum, and need not be described here.

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